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【原创】川野 | 雕刻時光(上)

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发表于 2017-6-19 10:51:30 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
攝影/後期 戴洪泓
Photography in the late Hong Hong Dai
文案/編輯 譚靜/戴洪泓
Copy editor Jing Tan/Hong Hong Dai
英文/翻譯 李明娟
English translation Juan Ming Li






"我曾跋涉千山萬水,於細雨的竹林,於跌浪的海濱。千百次我轉動一根根細小的竹竿,犹如雕刻时光在寂靜的夜裏傾聽他的聲音,慢慢的陪他的陰幹、碳化、稱重、打磨...我用整整两年的时间,为他量身定做了一件合身的外衣。此时,雙手已長滿了老繭,皱纹也悄悄的开始在眼角蔓延。"
I have trekked a long way, in the bamboo forest in thedrizzle, on the waving shore, I wave the little fishing rods over and overagain. As if I am listening to its growth in the silent nights. I am watchingit drying in the shade, carbonizing, being weighed, being polished...  I spent two whole years costume making him asuitable coat.  At this moment, my handsare full of calluses, and wrinkles also creep up in the corners of my eyes.

—引用.鄭术偉
quoted, ZhengShuwei




- 选材 -
Material Selection

取芽:去除关节部分的多余枝丫,为了竹竿的美观。为后续步骤考虑,在去除枝丫时需十分谨慎,不容得伤及竹身。
Remove: cut off the redundant branches to make thebamboo poles beautiful. For the further processes, we need to be very carefulin order not to hurt the bamboo body.





- 手作工具 -
Hand made tools

玉口刀:是制作玉口的常用工具;玉口,通俗点说就是鱼竿每一节衔接的部分,另外一端则叫做玉棒,玉棒和玉口都是鱼竿的连接点,也有叫做插节棒及插接口的说法。
A domestic knife: it is often used to cut Yu Kou inChinese. Yu kou, generally speaking, is the connection part of the fishingrods. The other side is called Yu Bang (also in Chinese). They are both theconnections of the fishing rods, and sometimes they are called plug interfaces.



这种形状的玉口刀,好处在于可以直进直出,进时顺畅,退时也不会将内壁拉伤,导裂。可想而知,是经过不断改良得到的款式。
This kind of knife, is of good use, because it can goin and out of the bamboo straightly, so it can go in and out smoothly, withouthurting the bamboo’s inner wall. As you can think, it is a model that has beencontinuously improved.





通节刀:作用是导通竹子内壁,是工匠在前期制作竹竿时的利器。所有的号数,都是经过长时间的经验和数据收集,再由手工打造而成。这些专用工具在市面上由于很多数据达不到个人要求,所以都是由山野(原名:郑术伟)先生亲手制作。
Another kind of knife: it is used to dredge the innerwall of the bamboo. It is a useful tool for making the fishing rods in theprevious production process by the masters. All the sizes are made by hand,based on the rich experience and data collecting for a long time. Thesespecialized tools in the market can not reach the individual’s requirements, sothey are all made by Mr. Shan Ye, (name: Zheng Shuwei) himself.



校直板:作用是竹子入火以后,使用对应号数的校直板将竹身拉直。这些工具可以延伸的型号可以很多,这里只展示了其中的一部分,据说还有更多的型号也是在山野家中。
Ruler for alignment: it is used to straighten thebamboo to a certain length, after it is burned in the fire. There are manydifferent sizes, here are only some of them. It is said that Shan Ye has manymore in his home.





圆锉:市场上购买的圆锉不能达到制作鱼竿的要求只能购买后自己进行修改,甚至有些型号还需要自己制造,可见竹竿的制作并不是那么容易。
Round file: the files bought in the market can’t reachthe requirements of making the fishing rods, so they have to be improved by themasters themselves. Some special sizes even need making by the masters alone. Soyou can see, the making of the fishing rods is not that easy.




电钻:用虎钳固定电钻后,切换各种尺寸的玉口刀,即可以进行操作。
Electric drill: after holding the electric drill withthe vice, the masters can operate with all kinds of the knives.


- 入火 -
Into the fire



集火罩:竹子入火校直的其中一种主要器具,采用的是煤气供应火力的方式。也有用木炭和电炉来入火校直的,但相对来说更为干净、方便,但也要控制好火候,尽可能是选用辐射火,不然竹子容易被烤糊。

Fire cover : it is one of the utensils for the bamboostraightening in the fire. It is powered by the gas. Sometimes, by the woodcharcoal or the electricity, which is relatively cleaner and more convenient.It is important to control the fire. It is best to choose the flameless ones,or the bamboo could be burned.




火入力:制竿名词,简单点说就是烤竹子。火入力乃是制作竹竿的灵魂之处,竹纤维在经过火的炙烤,纤维收缩再次改变,而且在时间控制上也是非常讲究的,需要配合手法经验来完成,竹竿的恢复性和稳定性可以在此基础上表现的更加优秀。

Heat power : it is a special noun. To put it simple, itis to bake the bamboo. Heat power is the key to making the fishing rods. Thebamboo fiber will change after being baked. And it is also very important to bein control of the time. It needs the masters’ rich experience to do that. Thebamboo poles will be better at the recovery capacity and the stability afterthis.






竹竿拔油与校直:竹竿矫直的过程当中有个细节叫做拔油,顾名思义就是把竹子内的油份用火烤出来。这是非常重要的步骤,需要的是耐性以及制作的经验。注:箭竹、金竹需要先拔油,再入火同时校直或者最后校直。矢竹则可以同时进行完成。

Oil drawing and straightening : here is a detail in theprocess of bamboo pole straightening called oil drawing. Just as its nameimplies, it is to draw the oil of the bamboo out on fire. This is a crucialstep. It needs patience and rich experience. Notice: arrow bamboo and golden bamboo need drawing the oil first, thenstraightening in the fire. Pseudasasa japonica can be done at the same time.


- 制作过程 -

Manufacturing operation



制作印龙继,属专业名词,简单点说就是插接部分配合的一种方式。首先要选择大小对应粗细合理的素材。
Making the docking part (Yin long ji).  It is a major name. In short, it is a way toput the plug parts together. First of all, we need to choose the material withthe right size and reasonable thickness.





切组:量取好数据以后进行切组,如稍微切多了可就浪费这支选之不易的良好素材了。

Cutting : cut the bamboo in groups. A little neglect,will waste this good material which is difficult to choose.



划八字打磨:在世界上打磨最精确的是飞机的机翼,采用的就是这种划八字的方式。
The way airplane wings are polished: the most accuratepolishing in the world is on the wings of the planes, it is using the same wayas the polishing of the fishing rods.



玉口制作:首先是用刀进行刮皮,然后需要打磨平整,达到可以完美契合的状态。

Matching : peal the cover with a knife first, and thenpolish it to be even and smooth. So that they can match each other perfectly.





- 缠玉口线 -

Tying rod line



缠线:选用天然优质的蚕丝。
Threading : choose the natural, high quality silk.



要求:紧密且力度均匀。

Requirement : tight and smooth.








玉口线的收尾工作也是非常严格的,尽量达到完美。

The finishing touches is also demanded strictly, asperfectly as possible.



- 上漆 -

Painting





首先,制作一把自己得心应手的上漆小工具。
First, make a handy little tool by yourself to paint.







制作完毕,只有使用它的工匠才知道拿在手上是否舒适。
Only the person who uses it knows if it is of gooduse.



生漆:俗称“土漆”,又称“国漆“或“大漆”,它是从漆树上采割的一种乳白色纯天然液体涂料,接触空气后逐步转为褐色,4小时左右表面干涸硬化而生成漆膜。天然的生漆,是制作竹钓竿实用的首选。

Raw lacquer : it is also called soil paint, nationalpaint, or large paint. It is white natural liquid paint cut from lacquer trees.It will turn grown after exposing to air. Then the surface will harden intopaint film in about 4 hours. The natural raw lacquer is the best for making thebamboo fishing rods.




上漆和压漆,使漆融入蚕丝与竹子的粘合密不可分。


Put on and crush the paint, make the paint blend intothe silk and it will be inseparable from the bamboo.




随后用加热的方式让蚕丝线里面的空气排出来,这样漆汁才能充分的填充到线缝里,使丝线和竹竿紧密结合。

Then, heat it to make air get out of the silk. In thisway, the paint can completely blend in the crevice of the silk, so that thesilk and bamboo will stick tightly.





- 插接棒的制作 -
Making of the splice bar









反复的打磨和测量最准确的衔接数据,精益求精。
Measure the most accurate link-up data and polish itrepeatedly, make perfection more perfect.




对比插接棒和插接口,进行数据的采集,然后在玉口刀上做上记号,以免出错。
Check the overlapped joint, collect the data, then,make a mark with the knife to avoid making mistakes.







这个环节需要用到玉口刀和圆锉,进行反复的细致调整。

It needs the knife and the round file in this process,to adjust it a little bit over and over again.









- 下期預告 -
Next Trailer

- 雕刻時光.下 -
Sculpting time



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点评

精美垂钓技艺范文,赏心悦目。“竹竿拔油与校直”节有一笔误,“失竹”应为“矢竹”,英译“Pseudasasa japonica”无误,请更正。  发表于 2017-6-19 13:37

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发表于 2017-6-19 12:40:30 | 显示全部楼层
发表于 2017-6-19 12:47:02 | 显示全部楼层
发表于 2017-6-19 12:57:47 | 显示全部楼层
发表于 2017-6-19 13:43:15 | 显示全部楼层
发表于 2017-6-19 13:44:34 | 显示全部楼层
发表于 2017-6-19 15:11:12 | 显示全部楼层
这鱼竿做出来肯定是工艺品级别的我是舍不得拿出来钓鱼咯。
 楼主| 发表于 2017-6-19 16:00:15 | 显示全部楼层
xuwu123 发表于 2017-6-19 15:11
这鱼竿做出来肯定是工艺品级别的我是舍不得拿出来钓鱼咯。

其实很多很多做竿子的师傅,都是像这样在做。哈哈!本人也是不舍得用,哈,打算收藏一支很短很短的来把玩。
发表于 2017-6-19 16:01:41 | 显示全部楼层
用心之作,赞一个!
 楼主| 发表于 2017-6-19 16:02:11 | 显示全部楼层
缘来钓鱼 发表于 2017-6-19 16:01
用心之作,赞一个!

(づ ̄ 3 ̄)づ么么哒
发表于 2017-6-19 17:04:57 | 显示全部楼层
一湾清水知己来 发表于 2017-6-19 16:00
其实很多很多做竿子的师傅,都是像这样在做。哈哈!本人也是不舍得用,哈,打算收藏一支很短很短的来把玩 ...

70年代,我的鱼竿都是自己制作的,操作过程基本相似,比你简单一些,那时我没有手枪钻,用台虎钳固定玉口刀,然后用手转动竹竿,打通竹竿并打好与上一节的插口。
发表于 2017-6-19 20:10:21 | 显示全部楼层
心血作品!
 楼主| 发表于 2017-6-19 21:16:11 | 显示全部楼层
 楼主| 发表于 2017-6-19 21:16:11 | 显示全部楼层
发表于 2017-6-19 21:20:32 | 显示全部楼层
精心之作
 楼主| 发表于 2017-6-19 21:24:29 | 显示全部楼层
发表于 2017-6-20 06:59:24 | 显示全部楼层
这种小竹没有大毛竹林里精挑细选出来一支竹节较密而长度却控制在理想的米数内的毛竹结实
来自苹果客户端来自苹果客户端
发表于 2017-6-20 08:31:32 | 显示全部楼层
绝对是收藏品
发表于 2017-6-20 08:35:12 | 显示全部楼层
发表于 2017-6-20 08:53:49 | 显示全部楼层
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